This assignment will discuss the core values that underpin social and health service delivery and will compare the current health service provision with health care services at the Inception of the INS. The INS has seven core values that aim to ensure that quality care is delivered to everyone regardless of their gender, religion, race, age, wealth or sexual orientation. These values have been developed by the general public, patients and staff, with local authorities having to develop and adapt these to provide personalized care.
These values not only underpin the social and lath delivery service, but also Influence the legislation regarding care. For example the Care Act 2014 looks at Integrating care, Involving the patient and career In deciding the care plan and providing information and advice to the general public. Patients, families, careers and staff coming into contact with INS and related health service providers should be treated with dignity and respect at all times. Services delivered should endeavourer to respect and value different needs and goals with transparency.
This is because everyone counts and therefore INS resources should e distributed fairly to make sure that those In need are accounted for and are being treated with sensitivity and kindness. Ensuring everyone feels valued and that their concerns are important and responded to as necessary. INS values aim to improve lives by paying attention to the wellbeing of the patients, its staff and the community at large. This can be achieved through staff training, professionalism and health promotion to make sure communities take responsibility for their physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing.
The INS aspires to the highest standards of excellence and revisionism’s in the provision of high-quality care that is safe, effective and person centered. Quality should not be compromised -? the persistent pursuit of safe, compassionate care for every person who uses and relies on services is a collective attempt, requiring united effort. The delivery of high-quality care is dependent on feedback and reflective practice so patients and staff are able to identify and drive areas for improvement. As much as INS values seek transparency, integration and reflective practice, ethical Issues have to be taken Into consideration.
It Is imperative hat confidentiality Is maintained and patient consent Is sought so that care Is In the best Interest of the patient, not the institution. Mental capacity should be assumed until proven otherwise and people should be treated as individuals. People should be able to trust their healthcare providers with their health and wellbeing and trust that their professional boundaries will always be maintained. All this has not been easy to achieve as has been evidenced by INS failures that have had devastating impacts.
The Parliamentary and Health Service has Investigated the INS and has slighted patient deaths that could have been avoided, people suffering needless harm in hospitals, complaints about incorrect discharges from hospitals and failings in diagnosis. Examples are cancer misdiagnosis at Wirier university Hospital, Mid Staffordshire INS foundation Trust. The INS is working very hard to provide preventative care instead of responsive care aiming to provide effective and outstanding care. This assignment will now compare current health service provision with health care services at the Inception of the INS.
The INS was first established n treatments and health promotion. Improved technology means easier treatment regardless of who they are. We see less discrimination than in the sass’s people were only treated when they were belonged in wealthier families and could afford to pay. Until the inception of the INS, health care in Britain had been founded on insurance- based schemes as most people could not afford to pay for medical bills. Everyone was eligible for treatment, even foreigners living temporarily in Britain, and treatment could be given at any INS institution anywhere in the country.
This has to changed in the current INS, albeit more values have been added to improve service delivery. The INS remains free with the exception of some charges, such as prescriptions, optical and dental services. It covers everything from antenatal screening and routine treatments for long-term conditions, to transplants, emergency treatment and end-of-life care. The National Health Service (INS) was planned as a three-tier structure. With the Minister of Health at the top and below were the three tiers designed to interact with each other to suit the needs of the patient.
These tiers ere voluntary and municipal hospitals supervised by Regional hospital boards, family doctors, dentists, opticians and pharmacists who were self-employed professionals contracted to the INS to provide services so that patients did not pay directly and local health authorities like community clinics that provided services such as ammunitions, maternity care and school medical services controlled by a local authority Medical Health. The INS in England is undergoing some big changes, most of which took effect on April 1 2013.
This included the abolition of primary care rusts (Pacts) and strategic health authorities (SHAHS), and the introduction of clinical commissioning groups (CSS) and Health watch England. From the asses onwards the scale and quality of the treatment provided by the National Health Service (INS) improved, and between 1948 and 1973 the number of doctors doubled. Anesthetics continued to advance, enabling longer and more complex surgery. The INS improved the lives of millions with hip replacement operations, emergency treatment for accident victims and fertility treatment for childless couples.
Programs of vaccination retorted children from whooping cough, measles, tuberculosis and diphtheria. In 1948 they were only two children’s vaccinations and now there are seven routine children’s vaccinations. New technology enabled brain and whole body scans, and advances were made in the care of the mentally ill. Even cosmetic surgery became available on the INS. Infant mortality has fallen since the INS was established, in 1948 pregnancy and child birth were a threat to a woman’s life.
Midwives were previously untrained, unpaid and used to multi task cleaning chimneys, and minding children. In most cases midwives used to carry what they could to a birth, more often they did not have any gas and air heavy cylinders, so women used to go through delivery without any painkillers, and infectious diseases were more common contracted through home sterilized equipment. Wealthier families would hire doctors and nurses to help one week before and two to three weeks after the birth to make sure the child was in good health.
This proved more risky because doctors were self- employed and very busy, and they could easily pass infections from patient to patient. They would leave a patient with an infectious illness and go straight to a child birth which they often detected when the baby came out; they used to do now involves attending university in addition to hospitals. Most hospitals now have a midwifery led unit which caters for mother and baby for everyone. Life expectancy in 1948 was between 65 and 70 years, and now 76 and 81 years.
People are living longer now because of more vaccinations and easier access to medical facilities and quality of care has vastly improved. Some of the services available now are out of hours actors, telekinetic, Accident and Emergency, INS Direct, walk in centre, 999 Emergency, Council Teams for the elderly, self-medicate, Crisis/Community Team, Macmillan, and Ambulance First Responders People are more knowledgeable aware of things that impact on their health for example in 1948 65 per cent of the British population smoked, compared to 25 per cent in 2008.
There is more trained and professional staff than in 1948 when they had a total 16,864 Gaps and 125,765 nurses and midwives compared to now when they have a total of 1. 7 million employees in total . The ambulance services have greatly improved from being Just a means of transporting ill patients to hospital to the well-equipped service it is today providing treatment at the scene of accident.
According to INS there is a growing number of people with mental health problems approximately 850 000 children and young adults aged 5 to 16 years and approximately 570 000 people with dementia in England. This has all lead to more development in mental health support and memory clinics, which in 1948 it did not exist. In the asses care for both the elderly ND mentally ill was provided by institutions where care was regimented rather than person centered.
The INS aspires to prevent disease and promote health and wellbeing across populations whilst working in partnership with local health services through health and wellbeing boards. This aims to reduce premature deaths and chronic illnesses. To conclude, the INS has made great improvements since its inception. Despite these changes, the core value of providing free healthcare for everyone who needs it remains the same. The INS is striving to make sure that people get the right care at the place and in the right time.